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August 3, 2013
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Winged People Anatomy: Bone Structure. by Blue-Hearts Winged People Anatomy: Bone Structure. by Blue-Hearts
You'll probably need to download to look at it properly.

This is just kinda how I think it would work (shhh people who want to say "But its not possibleeeee" I'm drinking Rum-Redbull and its not meant to be a biology report, its fantasy/sci-fi). Where the wings are on backs always annoys me and how it would work also annoys me too because skeletons are weird. I like drawing bones and wings. But I get irritated when it makes no sense.
I have been doing a lot of studying, research and talking to actual doctors and physiotherapists who understand anatomy and asking for their opinions. Also done one for the muscles and wings themselves which i'll have up soon.

Summary:
- Modified scapulae means anchorage for wing bones, no second set lower down needed. Wings not directly on top of the shoulders, just below.
- Extended sternum becomes a keel for more muscle attachments.
- Rib-barbs keep ribs together and stop over expansion
- Wing bones used are those of a Bald Eagle, different birds will have different bone proportions to this. Also this is an average male skeleton, female bones would be almost identical with the exceptions of things that make them female (pelvic bones, shoulder breadth, skull shape etc)
- This is all theoretical opinion. Skeletal structures are different to muscle and flesh.

FYI this is not specifically for Maximum Ride, lets leave the 2% stuff to one side, its scientifically stupid and badly explained.
Bones, Anatomy Ref from www.biodigitalhuman.com/ , medical books, doctors, various sources of photos and ornithological books and diagrams.
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:iconturtlecollector:
Turtlecollector Featured By Owner 4 days ago  Hobbyist General Artist
^^  This is an impossibly amazing and detailed anatomy sheet.  Not only helpful for drawing, but writing purposes too(which is more of what I needed this for).  I've been trying to figure out the anatomy of wings for a certain set type of characters, and all I could come up with is "wing hilts" being where the wings connect to the body;  I'd thought about them being on the shoulder blade, but I'd never thought before about there being a cavity in the shoulder blade for the wing to move/rotate in(which makes much more sense).  For some reason I'd been imagining the wings coming out from the spine, and possibly having a sort of double-spinal segment between the shoulder blades, though I still couldn't quite imagine movement with the wings coming from there.  ^^'  This makes a lot more sense, and was/is impossibly helpful.  I'll be sure to look at the other wing anatomy references, but if what I'd wondered isn't there--  Do you have any thoughts/ideas on weight limits as far as the winged human can carry?  I can't imagine long distances, probably just gliding downward across and to the ground.
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:iconblue-hearts:
Blue-Hearts Featured By Owner 4 days ago  Student Digital Artist
Weight limits I think would really vary between the size of the wings, the weight of the person (including into it all physique too, since more muscular people would be heavier but stronger) but over all I'd say no more than about 10-15kg in carrying weight. They'd still be able to fly whilst carrying stuff but it'd be more gliding rather than constant flapping since gliding expends less energy, though the use of thermals would help a lot and keep the altitude. 
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:iconmasterplanner:
MasterPlanner Featured By Owner Jun 25, 2014  Professional Artisan Crafter
This was extremely helpful for fiction and I'm looking forward to the tutorials on muscles and feathers! :manhug:
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:iconi-have-amazing-wings:
I-Have-Amazing-Wings Featured By Owner Jun 14, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
This is really good and accurate ^^
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:iconhamstar27:
Hamstar27 Featured By Owner Jun 13, 2014
This is really damn awesome! Haha!

question though: what are your thoughts on what keeps the body extended during flight? Like, what keeps the lower torso and legs up?
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:iconblue-hearts:
Blue-Hearts Featured By Owner Jun 14, 2014  Student Digital Artist
Their own muscles and the airflow beneath (depending on how fast they fly) but they'd have to use their legs anyway, if they don't have tail-feathers, to control the finer turning moments in the air. But to get off the ground anyway they're gonna need the body and control of a gymnast, so a lot of muscle and strength in all their limbs.
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:iconhamstar27:
Hamstar27 Featured By Owner Jun 14, 2014
Mkay - cool!
looking forward to the muscle sheets! 
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:iconwolfoftheblackflames:
WolfoftheBlackFlames Featured By Owner Jun 13, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
This is one amazing reference!
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:iconishot-u:
IShot-U Featured By Owner Jun 13, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
break me
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:iconflameheadsavvy:
FlameHeadSavvy Featured By Owner Feb 17, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
I have a character who has completely useless wings (as they are too small to lift her up in the first place) and this reference makes me realize (despite her wings being more bat-like) they look very... off. Maybe her wings are deformed, too. :dummy:
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